Choose File->Open Terminal (or right-click the terminal window and choose Open Terminal).
The new terminal inherits the working directory from its parent terminal.
Choose File->Close Window.
This action closes the terminal and terminates any subprocesses that you opened from the terminal. If you close the last terminal window, the Terminal application exits.
Choose File->Open Tab (or right-click the terminal window and choose Open Tab).
The new terminal inherits the working directory from the previously active terminal.
Choose View->Show Menubar (or right-click the terminal window and choose Show Menubar).
Right-click the terminal window and choose Show Menubar from the popup menu.
Choose View->Show Toolbars.
Be sure to show the toolbars first; then choose Edit->Toolbars....
Choose View->Show Window Borders.
Choose View->Fullscreen from the menubar (or right-click the terminal window and choose Fullscreen).
See the section called “Preferences” for information about the options that you choose in the Terminal Preferences dialog to change the appearance and behaviour of the terminal windows. For example, you can change the background color or the location of the scrollbar.
Perform one of the following actions:
Use the scrollbar, which is usually displayed on the right side of each terminal window.
Press the Shift-Page Up, Shift-Page Down, Shift-Up, Shift-Down, Shift-Home, or Shift-End keys.
Use the middle wheel button on your mouse if applicable
Terminal mimics the FreeBSD console when Scroll Lock is pressed. When scroll lock is active, ordinary input and output from the shell is suspended and you can scroll through the history with Shift-Page Up and Shift-Page Down or using the optional scrollbar. Press Ctrl-S to activate the scroll lock and Ctrl-Q to disable it afterwards.
The number of lines that you can scroll back in the terminal window is determined by the Scrollback setting in the General section of the Terminal Preferences dialog.
You can select text in any of the following ways:
To select a character at a time, click on the first character that you want to select and drag the mouse to the last character that you want to select.
To select a word at a time, double-click on the first word that you want to select and drag the mouse to the last word that you want to select.
To select a line at a time, triple-click on the first line that you want to select and drag the mouse to the last line that you want to select.
These actions select all text between the first and last items. For all text selections, Terminal copies the selected text into the clipboard when you release the mouse button. To explicitly copy the selected text, choose Edit->Copy.
If you previously copied text to the clipboard, you can paste the text into a terminal by performing one of the following actions:
To paste text that you copied by selection only, middle-click at the command prompt. If you do not have a middle mouse button, refer to the X Server documentation for information about how to emulate the middle mouse button.
To paste text that you explicitly copied, choose Edit->Paste.
You can drag a file name to a terminal from another application such as a file manager or a web browser. The terminal displays the path and the full name of the URI.
To access a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) that is displayed in a terminal window, perform the following steps:
Move the mouse over the URL until the URL is underlined.
Right-click on the URL to open the context menu.
Choose Open Link from the context menu to start your preferred Web Browser and display the file located at the URL.
See the section called “Preferred Applications” about how to configure the preferred Web Browser for Terminal and how to disable this feature.
To compose an email to an address that is displayed in a terminal window, perform the following steps:
Move the mouse over the email address until the email address is underlined.
Right-click on the email address to open the context menu.
Choose Compose Email from the context menu to compose an email in your preferred Mail Reader.
See the section called “Preferred Applications” about how to configure the preferred Mail Reader for Terminal and how to disable this feature.
To change the title of the currently displayed terminal, perform the following three steps:
Choose Terminal->Set Title... or double-click the the terminal tab header.
Type the new title in the Title text box. Terminal applies the change immediately.
Click the button Close or press the Return key to close the Set Title dialog.
To reset the terminal title to its default behaviour, perform the same three steps as described above, but enter an empty title.
This section provides some advice if you have problems with terminals.
Choose Terminal->Reset and Clear.
You can also use the shell commands
clear to recover your terminal.
As already mentioned, Terminal includes support for customizable toolbars. The toolbars are disabled by default, you will have to explicitly enable it. Choose View->Show Toolbars from the menubar to display the toolbars in the current window. If you want to permanently use the toolbars, see the section called “Appearance”.
Once the toolbars are shown, choose Edit->Toolbars... from the menubar or right-click one of the toolbars and choose Customize Toolbar... from the context menu. This opens the Toolbar Editor window, which allows you to customize the toolbars in the current terminal window.
Just drag an item from the Toolbar Editor window and drop it on a toolbar to add that item to the specific toolbar or drag an item from a toolbar to the Toolbar Editor to remove it from the toolbar. You can add additional toolbars by clicking the button Add a new toolbar and remove toolbars by right-clicking the toolbar and selecting Remove Toolbar from the context menu. You can also choose a different style for a toolbar from the context menu.
Terminal itself does not (yet) include builtin support for switching encodings on the fly in a terminal session. But since Terminal implements an UTF-8 mode, you can use the Luit application to switch between different character encodings within a terminal session.